The country has been attracting expats and investors for decades and today it remains a popular place. It offers a stable economy, low taxes, great climate and affordable healthcare. In this article you will get the general knowledge base of real estate in Panama.
Determine your goals… Why are you buying real estate in Panama
First and foremost, it is important to know why you want to invest in real estate in Panama.
Are you looking to invest to get better return of investments (ROI) than what you get at home?
Or are you looking to invest and get some capital gains when you decide to sell.
Perhaps you are an expat looking for a place to relocate.
It is very important to determine why are you looking to buy, because it will help you to know where to look.
Panama is currently in a buyer´s market, which means, buyers and investor can get great deals if they know where to look.
In the following sections you´ll get a general outline of the country and Panama city.
Best Places to Buy Real Estate in Panama.
First, here is a list of the best panama real estate communities for expats:
- Coronado and the nearby beaches are always a favorite for expats.
- Boquete is quite popular (but getting expensive in this last couple of years).
- David, Chiriqui, small town, very popular, affordable and close to touristic areas.
- Panama City, is always great but it requires a higher monthly budget.
In Panama City this are the most sought after neighbourhoods and best places to buy real estate in Panama:
- For high end real estate Punta Pacifica and Costa del Este.
- San Francisco and Bella Vista are central areas with access to all parts of the city.
- El Cangrejo and El Dorado are interesting lower budget investments, that can be rented to university students.
This neighborhoods are always top of mind for renters, locals and foreigners.
So, you decided on where you want to relocate, then it´s time to start searching online before getting in touch with a broker.
About Listing Prices of real estate in Panama.
You may want to start looking at online portals, and you should.
It is a great way to get a feel of the market.
But beware that the portals may have information that is not accurate, so you may encounter this three scenarios:
- The price is way above market average
- It may not include sales taxes.
- The price is correct.
Since Panama is in a buyer´s market, there is no reason for you to pay above market average.
Compare prices of similar properties and get help from a real estate agent so that you pay the fare price.
In the second scenario….
Some sellers may not include the sales taxes in the listing price, expecting for a buyer to take care of it.
The sales taxes are a responsibility of the seller, not the buyers.
It is important as an international real estate buyer, that you are aware of how the transaction is handle in Panama.
If you are from the United State, for intance, the escrow is a normal procedure in any property purchase and sale deal.
In Panama, there is no escrow.
Read on and discover how property deals are handled in Panama.
The Real Estate Transaction
Once you agree on a price, you can take a look at the next steps of the real estate transaction in Panama.
In Panama is very straighforward for the buyer:
- Have a lawyer conduct a due diligence of the title of the property.
- Sign a promise to buy and sell contract and pay the downpayment (usually 10% of the sale price) Your lawyer must also review this document, if he or she prepares it, even better.
- Wait for the seller to produce all documents necessary to complete the sale (in goodstanding certificates of taxes, maintenance fees and sales taxes)
- Sign the final deed in a Public Notary and send to the Public Registry.
- Make the final payment.
The cost of the final deed is payed by the buyer, so its important to keep that addional cost in mind.
Since there is no escrow in Panama, in its place you can:
- Have your bank make a promise to pay letter, which is fullfiled once the deed is registered at the Public Registry
- A public notary can take bank check in custody, with instructions to give it to the seller, once the transactions is completed.
When you have the property in your name or in the name of a Panama company that you own, you should know the responsibilities that comes with real estate ownership.
Ownership of Real Estate in Panama.
Once you are the proud owner of a property in Panama, there are a couple of legal things you must do:
- Update the value of the property at ANATI.
- This has to be done manually sort to speak, it is not automatic.
- If it´s not done, you will pay property tax in accordance to the previous value and will have to update when you decide to sell.
- Get your email and NIT of the property in the Tax authority´s (DGI) electronic system (E-TAX)
- Nit is the password to log into your property tax digital record.
Final thought regarding ownership…
For greater protection or your property, i strongly suggest you buy in the name of a panama company.
It gives you a layer of protection against liability.
Real Estate in Panama: Property Tax
Real Estate in Panama property taxes are quite low compare to other countries.
The regular rate for second homes (not sold by a developer at a low price) and commercial properties is:
- Up to $ 30,000 you pay 0.00%
- $ 30,001 to $ 250,000 you pay 0.60%
- $ 50,001 to $ 500,000 you pay 0.80%
- From $ 500,001 onwards you 1.00%
There is even a lower property tax rate that anyone can apply, you can learn more about it in this article.
So there you have it, hopefully this guide will help you get a headstart in locating the best place for you and purchasing your first Panama Real Estate.